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Research Article | Volume 4 Issue 3 (May, 2023)
Invasive plants and their possible applications - phytochemical profile and biological properties: a review
Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access
June 15, 2023
Invasive species are distinguished by their simplicity in reproductive and ability to adapt to adverse environments. Biological invasion has been identified as the primary driver of global change, responsible for biotic interchange and, as a result, habitat homogenization. It is well recognized that invasive species have been one of the primary causes of native species loss in recent centuries, affecting the natural ecosystem of each geographic area. Furthermore, the number of invasive species is fast increasing in all countries and taxonomic groupings, thus it is critical to implement more effective measures than those that have been used, which may include their phytochemical evaluation and, biological activities for future applications in phytotherapy and pharmacy. This review intends to show the phytochemical potential of three known invasive species, commonly present in the Portuguese maritime coastal zones, specifically, Agave americana, Carpobrotus edulis and Arundo donax. This study can be extended to other similar situations involving invasive species from other countries with the goal to enhance the efficiency of potential future projections for these species, particularly on the phytotherapeutic and pharmaceutical levels. Technological and scientific comprehension of these species' chemical and biological qualities will serve improve the efficiency of the management strategies will be implemented, emphasizing a sustainable economy.
Invasive species; Agave spp.; Carpobrotus edulis; Arundo donax; phytochemical compounds; Biological properties; Ecological sustainability.
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