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Research Article | Volume 3 Issue 3 (May, 2022)
Evaluation of the Conjunctival Swab Culture among Patients admitted in Adult Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital
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Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access
Published
May 10, 2022
Abstract
Background: Present study was done to evaluate the Conjunctival Swab Culture among Patients admitted in Adult Intensive Care Unit. Material & Methods: It was a prospective observational study carried in AICU over period of one year by Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. RPGMC Kangra at Tanda. All the patients who were admitted in AICU greater than 48 hours between ages of 18-65 years were included and evaluated for socio-demographic information like age, gender etc. Thorough ophthalmic examination was also done along with culture of Conjunctival Swab and analysed using epi info v7 software. Results: A total of 126 patients were included in the study. Mean age of the study participants was 41.8 years. Maximum patients, 23.8% of the patients were in age group of 51 and 60 years followed by 23% between 21 and 30 years and 41 and 50 years each. 64.3% of the patients were males while 35.7% were females. Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Methicillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) were the most common bacterial infection at all the time points during the hospital stay of the patients. In the present study, conjunctival culture positivity was 15.1% in the right eyes and 11.1% in the left eyes at 48 hours. 33.3% of the right eyes and 29.6% of the left eyes showed culture positivity at the end of first week. At the end of second week, 63.6% and 54.5% of the right and left eyes respectively had bacterial infection. At the end of fourth and fifth week, none of the eyes had bacterial infection. Conclusion: Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Methicillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) were the most common bacterial infection during the hospital stay among patients admitted in AICU.
Keywords
Evaluation
Conjunctival Swab Culture
Patients
Adult Intensive Care Unit
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