Research Article | Volume 5 Issue 2 (April-June, 2024)
A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Earthquake Preparedness among General Population Residing Dera Bassi, District Mohali, Punjab.
1
Assistant Professor, CARE College, Haridwar, 249402
Under a Creative Commons license
Open Access
Received
Jan. 9, 2024
Revised
Jan. 18, 2024
Accepted
March 19, 2024
Published
April 30, 2024
Abstract

Background:  There is always the chance of an earthquake, but there is no way of predicting or giving any warning to when one may occur. The USGS estimates that several million earthquakes occur throughout the world each year, although most go undetected because they hit remote areas or have very small magnitudes. It is estimated that around 500,000 earthquakes occur each year, detectable with current instrumentation. 

Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Computer Assisted Teaching Programme on knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness among the general population. 

Design: A True experimental research design was used in this study and a rural area was selected for study

Sample: Random sampling technique was used for data collection and structured questionnaire was used for data collection. 

Results: In the experimental group 60% pre-test knowledge score was average whereas in post-test, the highest percentage (77.50%) of subjects had excellent knowledge. 

Conclusion: Teaching Programme was effective in improving knowledge level of General Population. 

Recommendation: The findings of the study suggest many implications for nursing research, nursing practice, nursing administration and nursing education.

Keywords
Computer Assisted Teaching Programme
Earthquake preparedness
General population
Rural and USGS
Important Note:

Key findings:

The key findings of this study on earthquake preparedness education include: the Computer Assisted Teaching Programme significantly improved knowledge levels among the general population in a rural area, with a notable increase from 60% to 77.50% in subjects achieving excellent knowledge post-intervention, indicating the effectiveness of the teaching program in enhancing earthquake preparedness.

 

 

What is known and what is new?

The known aspect in this abstract is the unpredictable nature of earthquakes and their widespread occurrence globally. The new contribution is the evaluation of a Computer Assisted Teaching Programme designed to enhance the knowledge of the general population regarding earthquake preparedness, demonstrating its effectiveness in improving participants' knowledge levels.

 

 

What is the implication, and what should change now?

The implication of this study is that a Computer Assisted Teaching Programme can effectively improve the knowledge of the general population regarding earthquake preparedness. Changes needed include expanding the study to a larger and more diverse sample, as well as exploring the long-term retention and application of the knowledge gained through the programme.

INTRODUCTION:

Nature is providing sources through which all basic needs of the human being get fulfilled but man  never gets satisfied and wants more and more, which results in the disbalancing of  nature, resulting in Disaster. Earthquakes are one of the most common, unpredictable occurrences on earth. An earthquake is a geological event inside the earth that generates strong vibrations. When the vibrations reach the surface, the earth shakes, often causing damage [1].

 

Earthquakes are the result of plate tectonics, or shifting plates in the crust of Earth and quakes occur when the frictional stress of gliding plate boundaries builds and causes failure at a fault line. Earth is made up of multiple layers i.e. crust, mantle and core. The ocean basins and the continents compose the crust, the outermost layer. Earth's crust is between three and 46 miles (five and 75 km) deep. The mantle under the crust is about 1,800 miles deep (2,890 km). It is composed mostly of silicate rocks rich in magnesium and iron. At the center of the earth is the core, which has two parts. The solid, inner core of iron has a radius of about 760 miles (about 1,220 km) [2].

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:

The Indian subcontinent has a history of earthquakes. The reason for the high frequency & intensity of earthquakes is the Indian   plate driving into Asia at a state of approximately 47mm/ year [3]. One of the most effective mechanisms for a country to prepare for a disaster is by conducting education and public awareness programmes at the local community level. Disaster preparedness consists of a wide range of measures, both   long and short-term, designed to save lives and limit the amount of damage [4].

 

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the Computer Assisted Teaching Programme on knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness among the general population.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

  • H1 - There will be statistically significant effect of the Computer Assisted Teaching Programme on knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness among General Population.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A True experimental research design was used in this study and two rural areas were selected for data collection Issapur Rauni & Dera Jagadhari respectively. Total 80 general people were selected by simple random sampling technique and data was collected by structured knowledge questionnaire.

 

RESULTS AND FINDING:

Table -1     Percentage Distribution of Sample Characteristics

N=80

Demographic         Experimental         Control                   

Variables                group                      group                      Chi-square       df          p-value

                                (n=40)                     (n= 40)

                                  n%                      n  %

Age in years

18-28                   13     32.5           12      30                   5.0374 NS                  3           0.1690

29-39               10     25                13     32.5         

40-50              14     35                  7       17.5

51-61                    3     7.5               8        20

 

Gender

Male                    16     40                 17      42.5                      0.0516 NS         1            0.8203

Female                 24     60                   23      57.5

Educational 

Qualification

Illiterate                  0       0                    0        0

Primary standard   16     40                  14      35                         8.1131 NS          4           0.0874

Middle standard      7      17.5               14      35         

Secondary              4       10               5        12.5

standard

Senior Secondary    8      20                 1       2.5

Standard                

Graduation &   5       12.5           6       15

above

Occupation  

Govt. job              5       12.5         2        5                          3.8629NS                      5        0.5693

Private              3       7.5                1       2.5           

Farmer               8       20             7        17.5

Business           5       12.5     8         20

Homemaker          15      37.5             15      37.5

Student            4       10               7        17.5

Religion 

Hindu              15     37.5             16      40                         0.3656NS             2         0.8329

Sikh                     23     57.5            23      57.5

Muslim# 1       2.5                1        2.5

Christian# 1       2.5                0        0

 

 

Table 1 shows that  total 40 subjects were there in experimental group highest percentage (32.5%) of subjects were within age of 18-28 years, 60% subjects were female, 20% having senior secondary standard education, 37.5% of subjects were homemaker and highest percentage (57.5%) of subjects were sikh whereas in control group highest percentage (32.5%) of subjects were within age of 18-28 years, 35% of subjects had primary and middle standard education, 37.5% of subjects were homemaker and more than half (57.5%) of subjects were Sikh. For matching of experimental and control group chi- square test was applied for each demographic variable.

 

 

Figure-1: Comparison of Level of Knowledge in experimental and control Group

 

Figure-1- revealed that in pre-test knowledge score of experimental group, 60% subjects had average knowledge, 32.50% subjects had poor knowledge score, 7.50% had good knowledge and none of subjects had excellent knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness whereas in post-test, highest percentage (77.50%) of subjects had excellent knowledge and similar percentage 10% of subjects had good and average knowledge and only 2.50% had poor knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness. While in control group, pre-test knowledge score 55% of subjects had average knowledge, 40% of subjects had poor knowledge, 5% had good knowledge and none of subjects had excellent knowledge in both pre-test and post-test whereas in post-test nearly half 47.50% of subjects had average and 42.50% of subjects had poor knowledge and only 10% of subjects had good knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness. In the experimental group, the pre-test mean knowledge score was 11.27±4.49 while in the control group it was 10.95±4.48. The post-test mean knowledge score of subjects in experimental group 29.70±7.40 was higher than control group 11.07±5.15. In the control group pre-test knowledge score 10.95±4.48 was found approximately similar to the post test mean knowledge score 11.07±5.15.

 

Table-2

Comparison of Pre-test and Post-test Knowledge Scores of Earthquake Preparedness among General Population.

 

                                                                                                                       N=80         

Pre/Post        Experimental                      Control                                    

Test               group (n=40)                      group (n=40)                t-test                  df                    p-value                                                                                        

 

                        Mean     ± SD                 Mean       ± SD       

 

Pre-test              11.27     ± 4.49              10.95      ± 4.48               0.327NS              78                  0.744

 

Post-test             29.70    ± 7.40             11.07     ± 5.15                 13.05*                78                  0.000

 

 

t-test        df      p-value                            t-test             df              p-value

 

 14.7*      39      0.000                             0.232NS                  39              0.818

 

 

Table 2-   It can be inferred that pretest mean knowledge in the control group and experimental group was approximately similar. However, after a computer assisted teaching programme regarding earthquake preparedness to the experimental group. In the experimental group the value of the mean post-test knowledge score was significantly higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score, whereas in the control group it was approximately similar. Hence, it can be concluded that the computer assisted teaching programme regarding earthquake preparedness was effective for improving knowledge.

 

DISCUSSION:

The first objective of the study was to assess the baseline knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness among the general population. The study results revealed that in experimental group, during pre-test more than half of subjects (60%) had average knowledge, 32.50% had poor, 7.50% had good and none of subjects had excellent knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness whereas in control group, during pre-test 55% of subjects had average knowledge, 40% of subjects had poor knowledge, 5% had good knowledge and none of subjects had excellent knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness.

 

The third objective was to assess the effectiveness of computer assisted teaching programmes on knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness among the general population. The study results showed that in experimental group, the mean post-test knowledge score (29.70± 7.40) was significantly higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (11.27± 4.49) with t value 14.7 at p level ≤ 0.05, whereas in control group the mean post-test score (10.82± 5.30) and mean pre-test knowledge score (10.95± 4.48) was approximately similar with t value 0.232at p level ≤ 0.744.  

 

The fourth objective was to find the association between post-test knowledge scores. The study findings showed that the post-test knowledge score of the general population had statistically non-significant association with selected demographic variables in the experimental group whereas in the control group, post-test knowledge score had statistically significant association with selected demographic variables.

SUMMARY:

This study was conducted with the purpose to assess the effectiveness of computer assisted teaching programmes on knowledge regarding earthquake preparedness. Conceptual framework of the study was based on Modified Imogene M. King’s Theory of Goal Attainment. The tool used in the study consisted of two sections i.e. Demographic profile to collect subjects personal information and structured knowledge questionnaires to assess the knowledge of the general population. Simple random sampling technique i.e. lottery method was used to select 80 subjects, 40 for experimental group from village Issapur Rauni and 40 for control group from village Dera Jagadhari  of  Dera Bassi , Distt. Mohali, Punjab. ‘t’-test  and ANOVA was used to find the association between post knowledge scores regarding earthquake preparedness.

CONCLUSION:

In the experimental group, the pre-test knowledge score depicts that most of the subjects (60%) had average knowledge whereas in the control group during pre-test more than half of the subjects (55%) had average knowledge. In control group, pre-test and post-test mean knowledge score (i.e. 10.95 ± 4.48 and 11.07 ± 5.15) was approximately similar whereas in experimental group post-test mean knowledge score (29.70 ±7.40) was higher as compared to pre-test knowledge score (11.27 ± 4.49) which indicate that computer assisted teaching programme was effective.

 

 

Recommendation:

 

  • Research in the nursing profession is very vital and can lead to important discoveries. Nurse can utilize the findings of the study for the enhancement of knowledge and awareness of community people on earthquake preparedness. Through publication of the research findings, awareness about earthquake preparedness can be promoted by nurse researchers. Research will not only help the nurse in improving their knowledge but also refine their practices for saving the life of other people.
  • The similar study can be replicated with a large sample size.
  • Similar studies can be done on different populations such as health personnel,  students, school teachers and elderly people.
  • Public Health Nurse can conduct training, drills and exercises related to care of individuals, families and communities during disaster focusing on populations with access and functional needs in an identified region
  • Nurse educators should plan and conduct workshops, symposium, guest lectures, conferences, seminars and discussion programmes should be organized for enhancing the knowledge and skills of students for earthquake preparedness.

 

Funding: No funding sources. 

 

Conflict of interest: None declared.

 

Ethical approval: The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of CARE College.

 

REFERENCES:
  1. Gopalakrishnan S. Disaster [Intermet]. [place unknown]: Disaster –[cited2015 March  15]. Available from: http://www.icm.tn.gov.in/dengue/disaster.htm
  2. Sharp T. Space.com [Internet]. [place unknown]: Space.com – [cited 2015 March 15]. Available from: http://www.space.com/17777-what-is-earth-made-of.html. september 26
  3. Wikipedia Atom feed.[Internet]. [place unknown]: Wikipedia Atom feed. 2015 [cited 2015 April 27]. Available from:en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki
  4. Wikipedia the free encyclopedia.[Internet]. [place unknown]: Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. 2016 [cited 2016 Jan 12]. Available from: https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Preparedness

     

 

 

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