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Go Back       IAR Journal of Humanities and Social Science | IAR J Huma Soc Sci; 2021; 2(5): | Volume:2 Issue:5 ( Sept. 10, 2021 ) : 25-29
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DOI : 10.47310/iarjhss.2021.v02i05.004       Download PDF       HTML       XML

Attitude towards Yoga Practice among College Students With Regard To Gender, Residence and Stream Of Study

Article History

Received: 10.08.2021 Revision: 20.08.2021 Accepted: 31.08.2021 Published: 10.09.2021

Author Details

Dr. Birbal Saha

Authors Affiliations

Professor, Department of Education, Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, Purulia, WB, India


Abstract: Yoga, one of the oldest disciplines of India, is defined as the “cessation of the modification of the mind” by Patanjali-the pioneer of classical yoga. Yoga associates itself with the aid of an active mental, physical and spiritual practice. Yoga prepares to make life ameliorate. Vedas mention that the ultimate goal of yoga practices is to reach the ultimate state of self-realization. People use it for developing intelligence, memory and creativity. With its assorted perks it is turning to be a part of education. Specialists use yoga to unfold deeper and inner layers of consciousness to achieve their move in the direction of spirituality. The aim of yoga is to keep mind and body healthy. The present work aims at studying the attitude towards Yoga Practice among College students with regard to Gender, Residence and Stream of study. The sample consists of 570 Under Graduate students of Purulia districts. The survey method has been adopted for the present study. Stratified random sampling technique has been used in selecting the samples. The researcher has used a well-designed questionnaire, to collect data. The results revealed that both male and female students do not differ significantly to the attitude towards yoga practice. It was also noticed that students belonging from urban areas tend to possess a more favourable attitude towards yoga practice. It was also revealed that a stream of study influences the attitude towards yoga practice.


Keywords: Attitude, Yoga practice, gender, residence, Stream of the study.

INTRODUCTION

Yoga, a group of mental, physical and spiritual practice, presupposed to be an age-old institution and is premeditated to be more than five thousand years old.Yoga originates from amongst the six orthodox philosophies of Hinduism, evolving out of transcendentalism of ancient India (Carrico, 1997). Presently, to share a tinge of common knowledge, Yoga reconciles, harmonizes and eases the mind simultaneously along with the body, resulting into quantum perks. Yoga when applied in conjunction with meditation can work exceptionally.Yoga can aid to accomplish harmony. This aforesaid conjunction assures to accomplish the unified aspiration of the unity of body, mind and spirit – a prerequisite state of eternal bliss.The impact of yoga on an individual’s physical and mental health, calls for an area of systematic studies. The physical posture aids to bolster the physic and composes it to be more pliable (Boon & Kirk, 2006). Employing appropriate breathing interim the postures, guides the mind to be quiet and synthesizes a stress free life (Carrico, 1997). Yoga not only aids physical fitness but also boosts memory, academic achievement (Gajjar, 2012) and diminishes stress (Wheeler and Wilkin, 2007).


IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY

Yoga adduces to invoke a cognizant and vigilant progression to fix the menacing disputes and dilemmas of adversities, woe, anxiety and hyperactive activity etc. dwelling in the society and aids to induce the clandestine potentialities of man in a methodised and experimental way, by which a man evolves being a brimming individual. All his adroitness matures into an amicable and assimilated fashion to concur the all-round challenge of the modern technological era with its frenzied speed. The specialty of Yogic practice is that the faculties are sharpened in tune with spiritual progress of man. Practicing yoga regularly reduces levels of body-wide inflammation, which contributes to healthier hearts. Numerous factors contribute to heart disease, which includes high blood pressure and obesity, can also be treated and addressed through yoga. Yoga promotes reduction of back pain and muscular stiffness. Better health care is always assured by yoga leading to a fulfilling life.


LITERATURE REVIEW

Singh and Solanki (2015) compared perspective towards yoga between the male and female secondary school students. The samples were chosen from the Renaissance School located in Bulandshahr (U.P.). Doing this they used Yoga attitude scale of Dr. Mahesh Kumar Muchhal. According to the statistical analysis a compelling difference was not found as per the attitude towards yoga between male and female secondary school students. Kerketta et al., (2016) correlated the attitude of male and female students of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya and forwarding them towards yoga. The subjects were taken from the Department of Physical Education, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur (C.G). To analyze the attitude towards yoga of the subjects Yoga Attitude Scale (YAS) of Dr. Mahesh Kumar Muchhal was used. The result shows insignificant difference was found in the attitude towards the female students. Singh (2017) conducted a study to measure Yoga Attitude of Secondary School Students in South Tripura District, Tripura. Doing this, Descriptive survey method of research was followed. No significant difference in attitude towards yoga between the male and female students and as well as rural and urban students, were found by the investigator. Dhake (2017) described the attitude of yoga of different courses students of Smt. G.G. Khadse College, Muktainagar. Results of this study were very promising i.e. 60% students found a high level attitude towards yoga. Hazra and Biswas (2017) conducted an enquiry to explore the attitude of the university students towards yoga. The investigators selected randomly 60 students, among whom 30 students from Education department and 30 from Physical Education department. The results revealed that the students, who belong from the department of Physical Education, possess higher attitudes towards yoga. Umatiya (2013) studied the attitudes of M.Ed. students and teachers towards Yoga. For this the researcher prepared a Yoga attitude scale for the collection of data and applied it on the M.Ed. students. The researcher has applied t-test for data analysis and for finding out the results. It was found that both gender and residence influence the attitude towards yoga for M.Ed. students but no significant difference exists between arts and science students. Soundararajan (2016) intended to study the high school students' attitude towards yoga in Perambalur district. The findings of the study revealed that the high school students possess a favourable attitude in terms of yoga. It is interesting to note that, no significant difference was found between male and female as well as rural and urban students towards yoga attitude. Khatun (2016) reported teacher-students’ attitude towards Yoga Education at present day context. Results showed that the majority of the teacher- students possess a positive attitude towards Yoga Education.


OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

  1. To measure the attitude towards yoga practice among UG college students

  2. To compare the attitude towards yoga practice between male and female UG college students

  3. To compare the attitude towards yoga practice between rural and urban UG college students

  4. To compare the attitude towards yoga practice among Arts, Commerce and Science UG college students.


HYPOTHESES OF THE STUDY:

Ho1: There will be no significant difference between Male and Female UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice.

Ho2: There will be no significant difference between Rural and Urban UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice.

Ho3: There will be no significant difference between Arts and Commerce UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice.

Ho4: There will be no significant difference between Arts and Science UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice

Ho5: There will be no significant difference between Science and Commerce UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice


METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY

POPULATION:

The population consisted of Undergraduate (UG) College students under the affiliation of Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University of Purulia districts, West Bengal, India.


SAMPLE:

Sample of the study collected from the population through stratified random sampling techniques. The sample profile is given in the following table


Table 1: Sample Profile

Rural

490

570

Urban

80

Male

192

570

Female

378

Arts

472

570

Science

67

Commerce

31


TOOLS USED:

Researcher developed and standardized Attitude towards Yoga Practice Scale and applied for the purpose of data collection. This is a five point Likert type scale consists of 38 items after testing the validity. The scoring pattern of the scale is 5, 4, 3, 2 and 1 for positive items and reverse order was followed for negative items. Computed value of reliability in terms of Cronbach's Alpha is 0.793.


NORM OF THE SCALE


Table 2: Norms of the Attitude towards Yoga Practice Scale

Range

Remark

132

Low attitude towards Yoga

133-164

Average attitude towards Yoga

165

High attitude towards Yoga


DATA COLLECTION

In the present study the sample size is 570 Undergraduate students of colleges under the affiliation of Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University, West Bengal. The investigator met the sample with a printed booklet comprising the scale with prior information.


ANALYSIS OF THE DATA

Descriptive analysis for Attitude towards Yoga

After collecting the responses from Undergraduate students, the investigator has organized the data in tabular form to find the results of the responses. Results found from Table 3 that 16.315% possess a high attitude, 67.37% possess an average attitude whereas 16.315% possess a low attitude towards yoga practice. This result indicates that most of the Undergraduates students possess average attitudes towards yoga.


Table 3: Data Regarding Attitude towards Yoga

Level

N

Mean

SD

%

High

93

171.8065

5.3391

16.315

Average

384

148.2839

8.5832

67.37

Low

93

122.3011

8.9901

16.315


TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS:

Testing of Ho1: There will be no significant difference between Male and Female UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice.


Table 4: Showing ‘t’ Value for Male And Female

Strata

N

Mean

SD

Mean diff

t- value

Remarks

Male

192

148.57

17.034

1.04

0.718

Not significant

Female

378

147.53

16.030


The mean of attitude scores for male and female undergraduate students is found 148.57 (SD =17.034) and 147.53 (SD = 16.030) respectively. From Table 4, ‘t’ value for male and female Undergraduate students is found to be 0.718 which is not significant at 0.05 level. In view of the above Ho1 is retained. This result indicates that gender does not depend on attitude towards yoga practice because both of them are equally conscious about physical fitness.


Testing of Ho2: There will be no significant difference between rural and urban UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice


Table 5: Showing ‘t’ value for Rural and Urban students

Strata

N

Mean

SD

Mean diff

t- value

Remarks

Urban

80

151.95

15.752

4.73

2.408

Significant

Rural

490

147.22

16.385


The mean attitude scores for rural and urban Undergraduate students is found 147.22 (SD =16.385) and 151.95 (SD = 15.752) respectively. From Table 5, ‘t’ value between urban and rural undergraduate students is found to be 2.408 which is significant at 0.05 level. In view of the above Ho2 is rejected. As the mean score of attitude towards yoga for urban students is higher than that of their rural counterpart, it may be concluded that urban students have a more favourable attitude than that of their rural counterparts.


Table 6: Showing ‘t’ Value for Different Stream of Study

Strata

N

Mean

SD

Mean diff

t- value

Remarks

Arts

472

147.15

16.225

10.66

3.542

Significant

Commerce

31

157.81

16.098

Arts

472

147.15

16.225

1.27

0.596

Insignificant

Science

67

148.42

16.204

Commerce

31

157.81

16.098

9.39

2.673

Significant

Science

67

148.42

16.204


Testing of Ho3: There will be no significant difference between Arts and Commerce UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice


The mean and SD of attitude scores for Arts UG students is found 147.15 & 16.225 and Commerce UG students is 157.81 & 16.098. From Table 6 ‘t’ value between Arts and Commerce UG students is found 3.542 which is significant at 0.05 level. In view of the above Ho3 is rejected.


Testing of Ho4: There will be no significant difference between Arts and Science UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice


The mean of attitude scores for Arts and Science Undergraduate students is found 147.15 (SD =16.225) and 148.42 (SD = 16.204) respectively. ‘t’ value (Table 6) between Arts and Science UG students is found 0.596 which is insignificant at 0.05 level. In view of the above Ho4 is accepted.


Testing of Ho5: There will be no significant difference between Science and Commerce UG college students in their attitude towards yoga practice


The mean and SD of attitude scores for Science UG students is found 148.42 & 16.204 and Commerce UG students is 157.81 & 16.098. From Table 6 ‘t’ value between Science and Commerce UG students is found 2.673 which is significant at 0.05 level. In view of the above Ho5 is rejected.


RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The aim of this research was to conclude the study of students’ attitude towards yoga practice. Major findings were that most of the students’ attitude towards yoga practice is average (67.37%). The result corroborates with the findings of Khatun (2016), Umatiya (2013), Hazra and Biswas (2017). The internet oriented society has engulfed the UG students and have made them more aware towards yoga practices, having positive attitudes towards yoga education and health education.


It was found that both male and female students do not differ significantly to the attitude towards yoga practice. The finding of the study corroborates the finding of Singh and Solanki (2015), Kerketta (2016), Soundararajan (2016), Sarkar (2017), Sinngh (2017). This might be due to the fact that the students are conscious of their physical fitness irrespective of their gender. This concludes to the fact that both male and female in the modern times are well aware and educated.


In this study it was also revealed that students from urban areas possess a more favourable attitude towards yoga practice than the students from rural areas. The results are similar to the findings of Patel (2008), Sarkar (2017), Umatiya (2013) but not with Soundararajan (2016), Singh (2017). It was due to urban facilities like internet and social media that aided the urban students to bemore positive towards yoga than their counterparts. It was also found that a stream of study influences the attitude towards yoga practice. Commerce students have a higher attitude than that of Arts students as well as Science students. The sequence is Commerce > Science > Arts.


CONCLUSION

Yoga is rooted intensely in our tradition which displays a positive outlook and interest in practicing various meditation, asana and pranayama. Hence it can be considered as a right time to think studiously on the inclusion of Yoga and Yogic values in the education system. Present study has indicated that the yoga attitude level of selected samples, are average which is not a good sign for the students’ personality. There is a need to motivate the college authority regarding the importance of yoga education. Higher educational institutes should place greater emphasis on educating learners about the importance of yoga. Yoga’s ability to control the mental noise and relish the moment reduces and relaxes anxiety and stress, which shows extensive beneficial ties in every domain of life. Students normally tend to be stressed individuals, very eager to outperform themselves to prove their stature for every chance they receive. Yoga aids them with inner strength, harmony and calmness to deal with this stress and come back to a peaceful mind. Students who practice yoga regularly, not only achieve lower levels of anxiety and stress, but also achieve subsequently an improved academic performance.


Conflicts of Interest:

There are no conflicts of interest.


REFERENCES:

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  2. Carrico, M. (1997). Yoga Basics: The essential beginners’ guide to yoga for a lifetime of health and fitness. New York City: Henry Holt and Company.

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  4. Edwards, A. l. (1957). Techniques of Attitude Scale Construction, New York, Appleton-Century Crofts.

  5. Gajjar, N. (2012). Effect of Yoga Exercises on academic achievement, memory and reasoning ability. International Journal for Research in Education (IJRE). 1 (1).

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  8. Khatun, A. (2016). A study on the attitude of teacher-students towards yoga education, International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education, 1(1), 38-39.

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  11. Sarkar, S. R. (2017). Students Attitude Towards Yoga and their Peace of Mind of Secondary School of West Bengal, International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine, 7(3), 2598–2604

  12. Singh, M.K., & Solanki, A.S. (2015). Attitude of male and female secondary school students towards yoga, International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, 2(1), 71-73

  13. Sing, Y.C. (2017). A Study of Yoga Attitude of Secondary School Students in South Tripura District, International Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 7(9), 333-339.

  14. Soundararajan, M. (2016). A Study On Attitude Towards Yoga Of High School Students In Perambalur District, International Research Journal of India, 2(1), 1-4

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